It could be useful to discuss “What is Research”. Some might think you talk to your adviser or similar experienced researcher, identify a vaguely interesting topic, write some software, remove obvious bugs, do a performance measurement and write your thesis.
However this is not correct; whats described above is not research at all even if the software is incredible but rather producing an environment in which research can be performed. Research requires asking questions, querying the answers, refining questions and so on until new knowledge is obtained. Your software and studies gives you an advantage to ask and answer new questions. Note usually questions and answers are typically NOT identified upfront; they emerge from work.
Geoffrey C. Fox
Büyük Veri, Paralel İşleme ve Akademisyenlik [Link]
Veri Analitiği & Büyük Veri [Link]